Environment by genotype interactions and their effect on soft white wheat quality

  • 66 Pages
  • 4.33 MB
  • English
Statementby Lynn Maria Bassett.
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 66 leaves, bound ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16621717M

Cultivar and environmental effects were significant (PGenotype environment interactions were small, but significant. Among the variance components, years contributed most to total variance for percent protein, sedimentation, and AWRC.

The year site component was greatest for flour yield, cookie diameter, and by: Effect of Genotype, Environment and Their Interaction on Quality interaction to wheat grain quality facilitates the selection for quality in breeding programs.

Stability and soft white for cookie 43− (Crop Quality Report, ). Grain hardness is a result of anatomy, structure and. AbstractUnderstanding the contribution of genotype, environment and genotype-by-environment interaction to wheat grain quality facilitates the selection for quality in breeding programs.

Stability of grain quality characteristics is an important requirement in the baking industry. We assessed 24 winter wheat genotypes with different grain hardness in multienvironment trials at four Cited by:   Twenty wheat genotypes divided in two groups with different combinations of high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) were analyzed in 15 environments (E).

In a combined analysis of variance, effects of genotype, environment, and their interaction (GEI) were highly significant for almost all the analyzed by: The objective of this study was to assess the effects of genotype, environmental, and genotype x environmental interaction on quality characteristic of 16 wheat genotypes as well as to analyse the.

Our objectives were to: 1) ascertain the effects of genotype and environment and their interactions on hard and soft wheat end-use quality traits, and 2) examine relationships between traits and.

Improvement of end-use quality in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) depends on thorough understanding of the influences of environment, genotype, and their interaction. The results showed that genotype, environment and uniconazole highly influenced wheat grain quality, and their effects decreased significantly in turn, but the interaction effects were much weaker.

Knowledge of the relative contributions of genotype (G), environment (E), and genotype and environment interaction (G x E) effects on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) quality leads to. Senay Simsek, Kristin Whitney, Jae‐Bom Ohm, Mohamed Mergoum, Refrigerated Dough Quality of Hard Red Spring Wheat: Effect of Genotype and Environment on Dough Syruping and Arabinoxylan Production, Cereal Chemistry, /CCHEM, 88, 5, (), ().

The effect of the environment on the grain colour and quality of commercially grown Canada hard white spring wheat, Triticum aestivum L. ‘Snowbird’. Can. Plant Sci. 1– One of the main advantages of hard white wheat is its lighter grain colour, which can produce visually appealing lighter-coloured end-products.

A detailed analysis of genotype-environment interactions was carried out among yields of six cultivars of hard red spring wheat grown at each of nine locations in five different years. Subdividing the sum of squares for genotype-environment interactions into components due to each cultivar indicated that the Finlay-Wilkinson method of measuring.

Improvement of grain color in hard white spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) breeding programs depends on understanding the influences of genotype (G), environment (E), and their interaction (G × E).The objectives of this study were to quantify genetic variability for grain color and assess the nature of the G × E interaction in determining grain color in 79 spring wheat genotypes.

The interactions of genotype and several variables related to culture environment, including temperature pretreatment, conditioned medium and agar concentrations were examined in a series of experiments for their effects on percent anthers producing callus and number of embryoids produced per anthers scored.

Significant genotypic interaction was observed for both traits with all. Pattern analysis, cluster and ordination techniques, was applied to grain yield data of 20 durum wheat genotypes grown in 19 diversified environments during –07 to identify patterns of genotype (G), environment (E) and genotype-by-environment (G×E) interaction in durum multi-environment.

Details Environment by genotype interactions and their effect on soft white wheat quality FB2

Genotype × Environment Interactions for Mineral millers to ensure grain quality from year to year and cultivar to cultivar. Conversations among researchers, farmers, and bakers designated as soft white wheat. Cultivars were chosen based on previous. Strong genotype‐environment interactions were found for all cereal species.

This was mainly due to three wheat varieties and one rye genotype being environmentally extremely unstable. The more resistant entries, however, showed a higher environmental stability of FHB resistance and tolerance to DON accumulation. 1. Introduction. Durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) is one of the most important cereal crops in the Mediterranean region, and several studies have been carried out to determine the importance of genotype, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions on the expression of quality traits, such as protein content, technological properties and other traits determined by the.

Effect of Genotype, Environment, and Their Interaction on Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Low-Linolenic Soybeans Grown in Maryland.

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry57 (21), DOI: /jfh. the effects of genotype and environment and quantified their contributions to individual antioxidant property variances.

This study was conducted to further elucidate the effects of G, E, and G +E on the antioxidant properties of wheat bran by quantifying their separate contributions to. High‐protein wheats (Triticum aestivum L.) are not preferred for Oriental e the protein content of soft white winter wheat grown extensively in the U.S.

Pacific Northwest is often higher than the optimum ( g kg −1) for export, there has been a decline of wheat exports to Japan and other Pacific Rim present study was undertaken to examine the trends in protein.

The quality traits of durum wheat are important for the utilization by the industries. These traits may be influenced by genotype and interaction of genotype and environment (GxE). To evaluate the effects of genotype, environment and genotype x environment interaction on quality traits such as vitreousness, SDS sedimentation test, yellow pigment index, protein content and test weight, twelve.

Environment characterization as an aid to wheat improvement: interpreting genotype-environment interactions by modelling water-deficit patterns in North-Eastern Australia.

Chenu K(1), Cooper M, Hammer GL, Mathews KL, Dreccer MF, Chapman SC. Kenneth Ward, Marshall D. Lindheimer, in Chesley's Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy (Third Edition), Gene–Environment Interactions.

Description Environment by genotype interactions and their effect on soft white wheat quality EPUB

Gene–environment interactions are situations in which environmental factors affect different individuals differently, depending upon genotype, and in which genetic factors have a differential effect, depending upon attributes of the environment.

Genotype-environment interactions for yield, final height and days to maturity were analysed by means of statistical and genetic techniques in five cultivars of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) grown for 4–5 years in 5 locations in Western Canada.

Differences in the response to environment were found among genotypes for the characters studied. Significant variation in end-use quality was observed among samples; variation was attributed to environmental effects, genotype, and their interactions.

For many mixograph and baking parameters, variation attributed to environmental effects was of greater magnitude than for genotype.

SWH wheat is divided into three subclasses according to the USDA: 1) soft white, which contains no more than 10% white club wheat, 2) white club, which contains not more than 10% other soft white wheat, and 3) western white, which contains more than 10% white club wheat and more than 10% other soft white wheat.

The total SWH annual production. Free Online Library: Genotype x environment interaction for grain color in hard white spring wheat. (Crop Ecology, Management & Quality). by "Crop Science"; Agricultural industry Business Color of plants Environmental aspects Genetic aspects Grain International trade Marketing Grains Plant coloration Spring wheat.

A Comprehensive Genotype and Environment Assessment of Wheat Grain Ash environment effects were always highly significant with F values often one to two orders of magnitude larger than the genotype F values.

The grand mean for all samples was and Cornell soft white winter wheat cultivars to three fertilizer regimes in two soil types. Effect of the genotype and the environment. The effects of the genotype (G) and environment (E) and the interactions between these two factors (GxE) on the physical, compositional and breadmaking quality traits of wheat breeding lines containing increased level of TOT- and WE-AX was studied.

In this study, the three environments are different. To optimize its use for soft white or club wheat breeding, variations of the SDS sedimentation test were performed on grain from winter wheats grown at eight locations in the U.S.

Pacific Northwest, and the effects of lines, environment, and their interactions on SDS sedimentation volumes were determined.Information on the genetic control of the quality traits of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum) is essential for breeding. Our objective was to identify QTL associated with end-use quality.

We developed F4-derived lines from a cross of Pioneer 26R46 × SS and tested them in four environments. We measured flour yield (FY), softness equivalent (SE), test weight (TW), flour protein content (FP.

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This study examined the environmental and genetic variation in folate contents and compositions of wheat genotypes. The selected genotypes, 24 from winter wheat and 2 from spring wheat, were grown in Martonvásár, Hungary, for three consecutive years as well as at four locations (Hungary, France, United Kingdom, and Poland) in one year.

Total folate contents were determined .